3.1 Except as limited by the specific and express terms of this agreement, the College hereby retains and reserves unto itself all rights, powers, authority, duties, and responsibilities conferred upon or vested in it by law including, but not limited to, the right to determine the purpose, mission, objectives, and policies of the College; to determine the facilities, methods, means, equipment, procedures, and personnel required to conduct the College programs; to administer the personnel system of the College, including, but not limited to, the recruitment, selection, appointment, evaluation, training, retention, reduction in force, promotion, assignment and discipline, suspension, demotion, and discharge of employees; to direct, supervise, schedule, and assign the work force; to establish standards and criteria for performance; to maintain the discipline and efficiency of the employees and the operation of the College, and to take whatever actions may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the mission of the College. All of the customary and usual rights, powers, functions, and authority possessed by management are vested in the College Administration and the College Administration shall continue to exclusively exercise such powers, duties, and responsibilities during the period of this agreement.

3.2 The Association will not cause, assist, instigate, encourage, threaten, condone, participate, or engage in any strike against the Employer, or impose an obligation upon any employee to do so. A strike includes any concerted stoppage of work or slow-down of any kind by an employee. The Association will exert its best efforts to prevent and terminate any strike in which employees whom it represents participate. Nothing herein shall be construed to limit the rights, remedies, or duties of the Employer to enforce provisions of law applicable in the event of a strike.

3.3 Curriculum. The parties recognize that curriculum determinations are reserved exclusively to the Board and/or as directed by the State University of New York or the State Education Department. Faculty recommendations in the area of curriculum shall be sought through the appropriate Schools and following procedures adopted by a college-wide committee of faculty.